Banski Dvori, the seat of the Government, on St. Mark’s Square in Zagreb; this historical building was the residence of the Croatian bans (governors) until 1918. Until the shelling in 1991, during the Homeland War, Banski Dvori was the seat of the President of the Republic. According to 'Twiplomacy 2013', an annual global study of world leaders on Twitter by Burson-Marsteller, with 33.8 tweets per day, the Croatian Government (@VladaRH) is third in the world among the most active on Twitter, where Croatian is the 9th language of world leaders with 2% of all tweets.

Political organisation

Executive power

The President of the Republic represents and acts for the Republic of Croatia at home and abroad. The President is elected pursuant to universal and equal suffrage by direct election for a period of five years.

The President of the Republic provides for the regular, balanced operation and stability of state authorities, is responsible for defending the state’s independence and territorial integrity, is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, calls elections to the Croatian Parliament and convenes its first sitting, calls referenda, confides the mandate to form the Government, grants pardons, confers decorations and awards, and cooperates with the Government in forming and implementing foreign policy.

The President

Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović

Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović (1968), diplomat and politician. She served as Minister for European Integration (2003‒05), then Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration (2005‒08), and Ambassador to the United States (2008‒11). Until 2014, NATO’s Assistant Secretary General for Public Diplomacy. As the candidate of the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), she was elected in the presidential run-off election in January 2015, with 50.7% of votes.

Former presidents
Franjo Tuđman (1922–99) was a member of the Partisan movement during the Second World War. After the war he served in the military, then became a historian, and participant in the Croatian Spring and a dissident. He was the founder and chief ideologue of HDZ. He was elected president in 1990 in the Parliament, and in 1992 and 1997 in elections. He led the defence of Croatia and achieved territorial integrity.
Stjepan Mesić (1934), a lawyer and politician, participated in the Croatian Spring. He was an associate of Franjo Tuđman, but parted ways with him in 1994. He was the Croatian representative in the Yugoslav Presidency, and its last president in 1991. He was elected president of Croatia in 2000 as the HNS candidate and was re-elected in 2005.
Ivo Josipović (1957), a university law professor and composer, was a member of parliament from 2004 to 2008. He was elected president in 2010, with 60.3% of the votes, as the SDP candidate.

The Government

The Government of the Republic of Croatia exercises executive power. It consists of the Prime Minister, one or more Deputy Prime Ministers and other ministers. It is responsible to the Croatian Parliament. The Prime Minister presents the Government to the Croatian Parliament and seeks a vote of confidence. If a majority of members of parliament return a vote of confidence, the Government assumes office.

Banski dvori, seat of the Government, on St. Mark’s Square in Zagreb; this historical building was the residence of the Croatian bans (governors) until 1918.
Andrej Plenković, Prime Minister since 19 October 2016.
Marija Pejčinović Burić, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs

Prime Ministers to the present day: Stjepan Mesić (1990), Josip Manolić (1990–91), Franjo Gregurić (1991–92), Hrvoje Šarinić (1992–93), Nikica Valentić (1993–95), Zlatko Mateša (1995–2000), Ivica Račan (2000–03), Ivo Sanader (2003–09), Jadranka Kosor (2009–11), Zoran Milanović (2011–16), Tihomir Orešković (2016).

The Government proposes laws and other acts to the Croatian Parliament, proposes the State Budget and annual accounts, executes laws and other decisions by the Parliament, adopts decrees to implement the law, conducts internal and foreign policy, directs and supervises the work of the state administration, takes care of the economic development of the country, and directs the performance and development of public services.

The Government of the Republic of Croatia consists of 20 ministries: